PESO: Biological Hazards

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Oregon OSHA

Summary Statement

Brief description of the hazards associated with exposure to bloodborne pathogens and bacteria in human blood. Part of a collection. Click on the 'collection' button to access the other items.

Bloodborne pathogens are viruses and bacteria in human blood.

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) and Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) are two viruses in human blood that can cause illnesses or death.

Human Blood cells
Human Blood cells human anatomy

If you are exposed to human blood you are covered by the standard.

If you are exposed to Other Potentially Infectious Materials (OPIM) from human body fluids, such as semen, vaginal secetions, and fluids that you can see blood, you are also covered by the standard.

How does blood and OPIM get into the body?

needle broken skin eyes mouth nose reproductive
Punctures Broken skin Eyes Mouth Nose Reproductive


Tools Gloves wash hands Vaccine
Tools Gloves Wash hands Vaccine

biohazardThe employer must have an exposure plan.

If your are exposed, contact your employer immediately!