Training on the importance of housekeeping, hazards that result from poor housekeeping and how to do it properly - includes discussion questions and a sign-off form. Part of a collection. Click on the 'collection' button to access the other items.
|These tailgate/toolbox talks were developed for use under California OSHA regulations. The complete set is available from the Labor Occupational Health Program at UC Berkeley. For ordering information, visit the website (www.lohp.org) The American Conference of Government Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) has adapted these talks to apply to federal OSHA regulations. To contact ACGIH, visit its web site (www.acgih.org).|
Before you begin
- Does this topic relate to the work the crew is doing? If not, choose another topic.
- Did you read
this Training Guide and fill in the blanks where the
appears? (To find the information you need, look over the Safety Walkaround
Checklist for this topic.)
we’ll talk about housekeeping. Some people think it’s a waste
of time. But if you spend five minutes picking up junk and litter, you
might keep someone from slipping or tripping. You could prevent an injury
that keeps them off work for weeks or even months. Five minutes to save
months off work—it’s a good investment. And next time, it could
be you who gets hurt.
Housekeeping is everyone’s job—every trade, every worker, every supervisor. And it’s a job you should do every day—not just once a week or when a project is over. The first rule is to do your work neatly in the first place, and clean up after yourself. Good housekeeping does more than prevent injuries—it can save you time, and it can keep your tools from being lost, damaged, or destroyed.
You or a crew member may want to add a personal story about the hazards of poor housekeeping.
Next, discuss with the crew any housekeeping problems you have found at this particular job site:
ASK THE CREW THESE QUESTIONS:
After each question, give the crew time to suggest possible answers. Use the information following each question to add points that no one mentions.
1. What can you
do to prevent slips, trips, and falls?
- If you see a
mess, take care of it. Don’t wait for someone else to clean it
up. Pick up anything you see lying around, especially if it could trip
someone or fall on them.
- If you find someone’s tools or equipment around, move them out of the way. Put them somewhere safe, but visible.
- Immediately clear
scrap and debris from walkways, passageways, stairs, scaffolds, and
around floor openings.
- Make sure the
ground is level and well-graded within six feet of buildings under construction.
- Keep storage
areas and walkways free of holes, ruts, and obstructions.
- Clean up spills
of grease, oil, or other liquids at once. If it’s not possible,
cover them with sand or some other absorbent material until they can
be cleaned up. Someone might slip.
- Coil up extension
cords, lines, welding leads, hoses, etc. when not in use.
- Make sure there’s adequate lighting. If a light is out, report it. Replace it immediately if you can.
2. Besides slips, trips, and falls, what other kinds of injuries can good housekeeping prevent?
Nails and fastener
- If nails are
protruding from surfaces, remove them or at least bend them down.
- Remove nails
or fasteners when opening crates, cartons, kegs, or when stripping small
- Remove or bend
down nails before discarding scrap material.
- Immediately remove
combustible debris and materials from buildings and structures. Get
them off the site promptly.
- Keep containers
of flammable liquids tightly closed. Store flammables in approved cabinets.
Dispose of them in separate waste containers, not with other trash.
- Don’t throw
materials, waste, or tools from buildings or structures to an area where
workers may be located.
- Where the potential
for injury exists, remove or flag protruding objects.
- Make sure there are protective caps on exposed rebar.
3. When you stack
material, how high can the stack be?
- No higher than 7 feet for bricks, 16 feet for manually stacked lumber, and 20 feet for mechanically stacked lumber.
Explain any other stacking height limits on this site:________
4. What are some
other rules to keep in mind when you stack material?
- Plan ahead. Before
you stack any material, figure out how the stack should be arranged.
That makes it easier when the time comes to break it down.
- Stack everything
- Make sure there’s
clearance around the stack, so workers or equipment will have enough
room when they break it down.
- Make sure the stack is on a firm, stable surface that can hold the weight.
- Make sure piled
or stacked material is stable so it won’t fall, slip, or collapse.
- Reinforce the stack to stabilize it.
5. How can you
protect yourself when handling scrap material?
- Follow all the
stacking rules we just discussed.
- Wear heavy gloves
and safety shoes when you handle scrap material.
- Before you pile up material for disposal, remove or bend down any nails or fasteners.
- Enough clean,
private toilets with toilet paper
- Washing areas
with soap and water
- Enough pure drinking
water (from fountains or single-use cups).
- Water that isn't drinkable must be labeled.
Point out sanitary facilities on this site (if not obvious):_____
Explain: Most of the safety measures we’ve talked about are required by Cal/OSHA. We have to take these precautions—it’s the law. I have a Checklist of the Cal/OSHA regulations on housekeeping. If you’d like to know more, see me after the meeting.
(Only if applicable.) Besides the Cal/OSHA regulations, we have some additional company rules about housekeeping.
Discuss company rules. Be sure to include specific instructions on where to stack or store materials, proper disposal and cleanup methods, etc.:
COMMENTS FROM THE CREW
Ask: Do you have any other concerns about housekeeping? Do you see any problems on our job? (Let the steward answer first, if there is one.)
What about other jobs you’ve worked on? Have you had any experience with housekeeping that might help us work safer on this job?
Sign Off Form
NAMES OF THOSE WHO ATTENDED THIS SAFETY MEETING