The electronic Library of Construction Occupational Safety and Health website is provided at no cost to the user and is intended to provide useful information regarding safety and health hazards on construction sites.
The Electronic Library of Construction Occupational Safety and Health was developed and is maintained by CPWR - The Center for Construction Research and Training (CPWR) with support from cooperative agreements CCU317202, OH008307, and OH009762 from the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). Content on these websites developed by CPWR is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of NIOSH.
While CPWR will endeavor to keep the website up-to-date and to correct any errors brought to its attention, it makes no warranties, representations, or guarantees regarding the timeliness, quality or reliability of material found on these sites. Information and advice provided on this site are compiled from sources CPWR believes are current, accurate and reliable at the time of release on the internet. CPWR staff and peer reviewers have reviewed all content to make sure it is consistent with good occupational safety and health practice. Before relying on this information, however, users should make their own assessment as to its accuracy and relevance for their particular purposes.
Material provided on these sites is intended for general informational use only. Users are responsible for making their own assessments of workplace hazards and for adapting information found on this site to their specific circumstances.
References in these sites to organizations, commercial products, processes or services by trade name, trademark, manufacturer or otherwise do not constitute or imply their endorsement or recommendation by CPWR. Views and opinions expressed on these sites may not be used for advertising or product endorsement purposes.
CPWR holds copyrights to the information on the website, unless otherwise indicated. Material found on this site may be freely distributed and copied, but CPWR requests that the user give it appropriate acknowledgement. When using the website, you may encounter documents, illustrations, photographs or other information sources contributed or licensed by private individuals, companies or organizations that are protected by U.S. and foreign copyright laws. The copyrights for these third-party materials must be respected. Transmission or reproduction of protected items beyond that allowed by fair use as defined in the copyright laws requires the written permission of the copyright owners.
The photographs available on this website come from many different sources and are for illustrative purposes only; they do not imply any particular attitudes, behaviors, or actions on the part of any person who appears in the photographs. Sources that have contributed photos included on this website have given CPWR full use of the photos. CPWR believes that they are free from any ownership or copyright claims. However, CPWR expressly disclaims all warranties of any kind, including but not limited to warranties that the images are free of any third party rights. CPWR disclaims any liability in any action resulting from the use or misuse of photographs obtained from the eLCOSH Images website.
CPWR — The Center for Construction Research & Training (“CPWR”) is granting the non-exclusive, non-sublicensable and non-assignable right to use and reproduce the images in its eLCOSH Images collection at no charge, subject to the restrictions set forth below. Use of images from the eLCOSH Images website constitutes agreement to the following terms.
Images available through eLCOSH:
As set forth in more detail in the eLCOSH Disclaimer, the images on this website were provided to CPWR for its use and dissemination, and CPWR believes that they are free from any ownership or copyright claims. However, CPWR expressly disclaims all warranties of any kind, including but not limited to warranties that the images are free of any third party rights. In addition, CPWR has not obtained releases from any individuals depicted in any of the eLCOSH Images, and therefore makes no warranties about whether the use of an image from the website that includes an identifiable person may infringe on that person’s right of privacy or publicity.
Although CPWR is granting permission for free use of the images under the terms stated in this Use Policy, ownership of the images remains with CPWR.
When using a photo from this site, credit must be given as follows: The credit line for an image whose photographer is identified on the website (for example, John Rekus) should be formatted as “NIOSH/John Rekus/elcosh.org.” The credit line for an image whose photographer is not identified should read: “elcosh.org.” For web use, the credits should also include links to www.cpwr.com and www.elcosh.org.
Anyone using images from the eLCOSH website agrees to indemnify and hold harmless CPWR and its agents, officers, directors and employees from and against any and all liability, loss, claims, damages, costs and/or actions (including attorneys’ fees) arising from his or her use of the images.